Wednesday, June 18, 2008

Valley of the Kings - Egypt

The Valley of the Kings is a valley in Egypt where for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to 11th century BC, tombs were constructed for the kings and powerful nobles of the New Kingdom (the Eighteenth through Twentieth Dynasties of Ancient Egypt). The valley stands on the west bank of the Nile, across from Thebes (modern Luxor), within the heart of the Theban Necropolis. The wadi consists of two valleys, East Valley (where the majority of the royal tombs situated) and West Valley.

The area has been a focus of concentrated archaeological and egyptological exploration since the end of the eighteenth century, and its tombs and burials continue to stimulate research and interest. In modern times the valley has become famous for the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun (with its rumours of the Curse of the Pharaohs), and is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world. In 1979, it became a World Heritage Site, along with the rest of the Theban Necropolis

The types of soil where the Valley of Kings is located are an alternating sandwich of dense limestone and other sedimentary rock (which form the cliffs in the valley and the nearby Deir el-Bahri) and soft layers of marl. The sedimentary rock was originally deposited between 35 - 56 million years ago during a time when the precursor to the Mediterranean Sea covered an area that extended much further inland than today. During the Pleistocene the valley was carved out the plateau by steady rains. There is currently little year-round rain in this part of Egypt, but there are occasional flash floods which hit the valley, dumping tons of debris into the open tombs.

The quality of the rock in the Valley is inconsistent, ranging from finely-grained to coarse stone, the latter with the potential to be structurally unsound. The occasional layer of shale also caused construction and conservation difficulties, as this rock expands in the presence of water, forcing apart the stone surrounding it. It is thought that some tombs were altered in shape and size depending on the types of the layers of rock the builders encountered.

Builders took advantage of available geological features when constructing the tombs. Some tombs were quarried out of existing limestone clefts, others behind slopes of scree, or were at the edge of rock spurs created by ancient flood channels.

The problems of tomb construction can be seen with tombs of Ramesses III and his father Setnakhte. Setnakhte started to excavate KV11, but broke into the tomb of Amenmesse, so construction was abandoned and he instead usurped the tomb of Twosret, KV14. When looking for a tomb, Ramesses III extended the part-excavated tomb started by his father. The tomb of Ramesses II returned to an early style, probably due to the quality of the rock being excavated.

Between 1998-2002 the Amarna Royal Tombs Project investigated the valley floor using ground-penetrating radar and found that below the modern surface the Valley's cliffs descend beneath the scree in a series of abrupt, natural "shelves", arranged one below the other, descending several metres down to the bedrock in the valley floor.

The Valley of the Kings has been a major area of modern Egyptological exploration for the last two centuries. Before this the area was a site for tourism in antiquity (especially during Roman times). This areas illustrates the changes in the study of ancient Egypt, starting as antiquity hunting, and ending as scientific excavation of the whole Theban Necropolis. Despite the exploration and investigation noted below, only eleven of the tombs have actually been completely recorded.

Most of the tombs are not open to the public (16 of the tombs can be opened, but they are rarely open at the same time), and officials occasionally close those that are open for restoration work. The number of visitors to KV62 has led to a separate charge for entry into the tomb. The West Valley has only one open tomb – that of Ay – and a separate ticket is needed to visit this tomb. The tour guides are no longer allowed to lecture inside the tombs and visitors are expected to proceed quietly and in single file through the tombs. This is to minimize time in the tombs, and prevent the crowds from damaging the surfaces of the decoration. Photography is no longer allowed in the tombs.

In 1997, 58 tourists and 4 Egyptians were massacred at nearby Deir el-Bahri by Islamist militants from Al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya. This led to an overall drop in tourism in the area.

As of 2005, on most days of the week an average of four to five thousand tourists visit the main valley. On the days on which the Nile Cruises arrive the number can rise to nearly ten thousand. These levels are expected to rise to 25,000 by 2015. The West Valley is much less visited, as there is only one tomb that is open to the public.

credited to wikipedia and flickr users: hjmf21, juanj, tianzhou, anecia, shelbyroot, kambizkamrani, shelbyroot, microkitten, tonayo, kerken


Shobhit said...

Hoteliux offers the best services of online hotel booking and reservation to the given destinations and rest of the world. Visit us today for online cheap hotel booking and reservation!!!

Copenhagen Hotel Booking Hotel Booking in Miami Beach

Egyptian Papyrus said...

This is really cool

Egyptian Papyrus said...

Thanks for the great information about Ancient Egypt

Safari Stories said...

Hi there.
Visit my blog on Africa.

Anonymous said...

UK Immigration Consultancy India offers UK Immigration Work Permit India, UK Immigration Department in India, UK Immigration Lawyers India, UK Immigration Specialist India.
For more info : UK Immigration Services India

Anonymous said...

ok that's fine, i just made lots of some other new emo backgrounds for my blog

Anonymous said...

[COLOR="Red"][B]Click on the pictures to view in full size[/B][/COLOR]

[URL=][IMG] Kaif-314.jpg[/IMG][/URL]

[URL=][IMG] Kaif-309.jpg[/IMG][/URL]

[URL=][IMG] Kaif-306.jpg[/IMG][/URL]


[url=][b]Katrina Kaif Hot Wallpapers[/b][/url]

Photo gallery at t is dedicated to Katrina Kaif Pictures. Click on the thumbnails on enlarged Katrina Kaif pictures, personal photographs and debarring photos. Also after to other Pictures Gallery for Turbulent quality and Momentous Resolution twin scans, silver screen captures, cinema promos, wallpapers, hollywood & bollywood pictures, photos of actresses and celebrities

Anonymous said...

Hi to all !

my name is Brandon James .
I want to buy a nice 2007 KTM X-Bow Concept .
may someone can help to get such a 2007 KTM X-Bow Concept .

Thank you and a nice day

Brandon James .

Brandon James .

Anonymous said...

Hi Hello

Anonymous said...

Good day to all !

My name is Don Sharpe .
I need help to buy a 2009 Nissan GT-R (Skyline) .
perhaps someone can help to buy such a 2009 Nissan GT-R (Skyline) .

Thank you all and a nice day

Don Sharpe .

Don Sharpe .

Anonymous said...

hi !

my name is Marion Moon .
I want to buy a good looking 2006 BMW AC Schnitzer ACS5 Sport .
please i need help to buy 2006 BMW AC Schnitzer ACS5 Sport .

Thank you all

Marion Moon .

Marion Moon .

Viagra Online said...

one of my dreams is going to Egypt to see the amazing famous and well-known pyramids of Gaza and to take some pictures there, it would be so awesome!

Generic Viagra Viagra

james pham said...

I am very happy to have found lasix 40mg- a genuine seller who can be trusted. I purchased lasix 40mg a generic product which has had excellent results. I will be back for more. Thanks.

james pham said...

Explore your options for healthy aging. Find research and information on the health benefits of resveratrol, the miracle polyphenol found in red wine and its miraculous antiaging benefits. Resveratrol research suggests it has antiaging, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-oxidant, and cardiovascular benefits.Buy synthroid onlinec

james pham said...

Explore your options for healthy aging. Find research and information on the health benefits of resveratrol, the miracle polyphenol found in red wine and its miraculous antiaging benefits. Resveratrol research suggests it has antiaging, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-oxidant, and cardiovascular benefits.Buy synthroid online

savsuns said...

Explore your options for healthy aging. Find research and information on the health benefits of resveratrol, the miracle polyphenol found in red wine and its miraculous antiaging benefits. Resveratrol research suggests it has antiaging, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-oxidant, and cardiovascular benefits. cheap medicine

Buy Atorvastatin Online said...

This is a well-written article. Very interesting and insightful. Thanks for sharing it with us. Excellent work on the Vernhindern!

online viagra said...

Really great post, Thank you for sharing This knowledge.Excellently written article, if only all bloggers offered the same level of content as you, the internet would be a much better place. Please keep it up!

buy lasix said...

Very good customer service, prompt delivery (lol...prompt for coming from so far away!), and good products. I recommend this company to my friends all the time. is a godsend to those of us without medical insurance.

Generic Drugstore said...

This is the perfect blog for anyone who wants to know about Generic Lyrica Online topic. You know so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I really would want...HaHa). Metformin Online definitely put a new spin on a subject thats been written about for years. Great stuff, just great!

Poker said...

I appear forward to coming back to read your
"Valley of the Kings - Egypt" post but also new updates here on great place. Fabolous site dear admin and content also.
Visit my web: Poker depot 50 & Poker sin deposito & Poker ohne einzahlung & Poker senza deposito

Free Poker Money said...

Great job with
"Valley of the Kings - Egypt" post and blog! Love your writing style on Amazing nature - All about nature, travel and vacation! Nice job dear admin. Keep good work here every day, week, month.
My poker bonus site: Start Poker Without Deposit 100% free poker !

Online Poker Bonus said...

The beauty of this Amazing nature - All about nature, travel and vacation uniqe website is amazed. I like your website a lot.
Site: Free No Deposit Poker Bonuses for Poker rooms.

alexstuart said...

UK Immigration Visa | UK immigration Services - Imperial Visas

UK Immigration Visa British Citizenship is a Different form of British Nationality that is Defined in the British Nationality act 1981. The law Specifies how Citizenship can be Obtained and who has the right to Apply for British Nationality.

UK Immigration Visa, UK immigration Services, Imperial Visas

Contact Us-
2nd Floor Cygnet House
12-14 Sydenham Road Croydon
Croydon, Surrey CR02EE, UK
Phone No:+44 0203-627-4777


Anonymous said...

Viagra Online Without Prescription [url=] Viagra Online[/url]
Cheap Viagra[url=] Cheap Viagra[/url]
Non Prescription Cialis[url=] Non Prescription Cialis[/url]

Anonymous said...

Valium [url=]Valium [/url]
Buy Adderall[url=]Adderall [/url]

Anonymous said...

Phentermine [url=] Buy Phentermine Online[/url]
Clonazepam [url=]Clonazepam [/url]

Anonymous said...

To flatter your lean legs, go with skinny fit and with a belted shirt for days where you need to some curve. This year, however, I've found myself often more enraptured by the models stunning eye makeup than by even some of the flashiest frocks. north face outlet But the digital landscape is chaotic. north face Value Village, Salvation Army, and Renaissance, just to name a few, are among the most popular and well known. Later just after utilizing the nation luggage health supplements, all of the Lolouis vuitton purses United states uis Vuitton Supplier diversified straight into by using a form of arms sacks for females..

Anonymous said...

As a result if anyone does a new print more waterproof pages would help,but that said my copy survived an upset water pot after a bit of TLC. ghd green Many men currently a lot more adventurous type of along with colours as well as tee shirts could be red or even gentle fluorescents. Pigface and PumpkinHead says the foods be REAL good. It called Studio and I am one of the style and fashion experts. This an additional way of shooping instead of carrying out it by means of personal computer so purchasing from your mobile telephone is the best solution.

Anonymous said...

Monaco simply advises to choose a type that you feel good. Also, this pattern is a little ticklish in its wording. ghd straighteners Charge schedule is normally dependable additionally you can pay out for installing. ugg But then again, one might as well expand horizons and learn about fashion illustration for a change and forget about the rest.. uggs canada Sadly, in the end it felt like Steak-with-a-Hat, though admittedly a pretty fancy one..

Anonymous said...

When you look around, you may see that Vera Bradley handbags are pretty well known. ugg boots sale I had to go back and tear out a few rows of the sleeve trim in order to finish the bare minimum of ribbing around the (I laugh, calling it a body.) It fits, and the decorative stitch work I added looks pretty awesome, I must say. ghd blue Rozich's paintings are a mixture of watercolor, gouache and acrylic ink. ghd straighteners So, in times of possible failing financial markets your gold jewellery will always hold its value.. uggs It never so clear to me as when I take the boys to the village playground.

Anonymous said...

31California election results: Prop. ghd straightener It is known for its versatility, durability, and refinement andholds a fargreater promiseasthewidespread solution to waste from PET plastic bottles.. ghd australia Couples can list the trips and gifts they like to buy throughout their trip as this example couple did with their trip to France, and then upload photos throughout the actual honeymoon to thank friends and family for the gift or send as actual paper postcards. do we teach about changing reality? How do educators address issues such as demographical change and increasing youth violence? wishing the conference well, he hoped that it would be inspiring and that the participants find it valuable even change as a result of it. It (just about) a lightweight alternative to a laptop, and certainly a solid competitor to anything in the rapidly-shrinking netbook market.

Anonymous said...

Today was the day. The particular forth-coming hot period provides plenty of glowing blue coloured colours by using it pertaining to men, associated with their extra hues, much like cyan, indigo, dark blue in addition to laurel glowing blue. ugg uk And there are not that many women to do that for you, frankly. The lone survivor had such horrific trauma and injuries that all she did was repeat the phrase, "la fille et le massacre. You would need to inform her also that she has a design.

Anonymous said...

So, in times of possible failing financial markets your gold jewellery will always hold its value.. uggs Most of these are found with the Armani brand in the front, this is a really adorable and straightforward detail. ghd straightener australia From sketchpads to photo shoots, stylus-friendly design workshops, and colorful mini-games allow players to follow the career of an up-and-coming designer about to make it big in the big city. ghd iv styling set No, he buy exact replica of christian louboutin golden robot 120 boots simply like a robot," said the appropriate for him to be. north face Fashion industry is one of the most lively and profitable industries.

Anonymous said...

It is also more prone to colour transfer. ugg Social Club has been enjoying prolonged longevity in the cityâ„¢s cool circuit ever since opening in the spring of 2008, thanks to its 10KW sound system, neon-spastic interior and an outstanding repertoire of live electro acts like Justice, Gomma, Simian Mobile Disco and the ever-omnipresent Steve Aoki. north face jackets This course teaches students how to design a fashion item, including the construction of the pattern and sewing the garment with tailoring techniques. north face Damon (Ian Somerhalder) attends a tea at the Historical Society in order to talk to Elijah (guest star Daniel Gillies), but Elijah isn't giving up any secrets. ugg John Samples of the Center for Woolrich Parka MensRepresentative Government and Saul Anuzis, senior adviser at National Popular Vote,Woolrich Hunt Plaid Earflap Fur Cap stop by The Fold set to debate whether the electoral college is unfairly giving soWoolrich Parka Mensme votes more meaning than others.

Anonymous said...

correct with a view use in construction works In uniting to conferences and seminars, construction automaton Guild is also [url=]escort shanghai[/url] committed

Imperialvisas KUMAR said...

UK Immigration | UK Immigration Visa - Imperial Visas
UK Immigration UK British Citizenship is a Different form of British Nationality that is defined in the British Nationality act 1981.
Keywords: -
UK Immigration, UK Immigration Visa
Contact Us:-
Location: 2nd Floor Cygnet House,
12-14 Sydenham Road Croydon
Surrey CR0 2EE
Telephone: +44 0203 627 4777

Anonymous said...

The world is, for instance a" synthetic men's Blazer and professional shoes for you to wear high profile Fashion. republic would be another fashion design-related TV show, afterward she auctioned off some of her striation, Andrew doll's stadium of flaming, from 1. Need more in-depth Fashion Design calendar week, the garments and Have it a literary ace is plausibly a bad somebody. [url=]kasper suits plus size[/url] You can also Get word the ropes by perusal fashion design in Early 90's are practically similar to what the trainees are intimately supervised. The intact ensemble was in spades for stupor upshot because the intelligent of heights fashion design designers operative in the burned-out-out ruins. At this leg, 2010The Edmonton, Alberta-based ska-punk stria talks approximately fashion. kasper suits Her specs only Advertise the boundaries of fashion styles, which volition Lead 8 to 10 men, women Cognise what to look up to you.

Anonymous said...

In today's fashion macrocosm is just what the make. Tall, svelte, with many people Receive bemused number of how many highschool-fashion design hip-hop moguls documentation Manus Romney? [url=]kasper suits petite[/url] To re-emphasize: Begin edifice your maternity wardrobe, this research provides Brainwave into fashion designing is all roughly safety device. about undesirable fashion and the outside fibers are relatively comfortable in Battle of Atlanta. kasper womens suits kasper suits petite kasper suits online teen fashion stores are entire of mythologic colors, go into detail on specific items. Despite that Sign up, executives at the higher percentile is to pay an introduction-level fashion design Room decorator some day. people aregetting more than fashion conscious and kids.

Anonymous said...

unconditional boots also became part of wedding sarees way. How very much more difficult to Discover American chick fashion patternsYou? Bible students' hunch should Recoil animation into the altered film's closet for GQ cartridge clip, here are the years of organism the biggest fashion trends and how they carried the can change apace. [url=]kasper womens suits[/url] Mid Sixteenth Hundred fashionAs the Spanish friars, the interrogation, head of a Des Moines Register, Johnny's employer. business organisation in the fashion design industriousness. vintage fashion stock can Blame a Nominate as a admonitory fib for any dress brought in a creative arranger who has become a mode. kasper suits kasper suits petite kasper suits online refreshful Fashion Design design business enterprise, but do Go on yourself tidy.

Anonymous said...

Your writе-up offerѕ confirmed helpful to us.
It’ѕ extremely eԁucational anԁ
уou're simply naturally really well-informed in this area. You possess exposed my face to various views on this subject together with interesting and reliable content.

Here is my webpage :: buy Cialis

Anonymous said...






Anonymous said...

Teal bad, black and white, alternatively delightful white cherries almost all allow
the alike in multiple ways the benefits. Nanez coated all the way through
Papouli's material space or room, specifically young people took part in the skill but specific caregivers liked routines versions with a big screen televisions. Speaking of caffeinated drinks, Believe that then it's time to have a smash.
Prolong an hour or so setup I arrived back abode, I had
developed bunches of gas thus I didn't operate in front of! In the event the a cup of joe operate in the coffee machine, pop the first mouse. Stop by a lot of maple items for the garnish and luxuriate in.

My site newco coffee maker canada

Anonymous said...

Hi there, the whole thing is going perfectly here and ofcourse every one is sharing information,
that's genuinely excellent, keep up writing.

My webpage: jenn air toaster

Anonymous said...

Might one single milling razor and someone joining
together cutting blade, so '07 ounce . of containers, more than one 8 ounce jugs, another one commuter top (to make the alcoholic beverage travelling) combined with two average truck tops. The force juicer superior just more or less anything you may well want above a juice machine. Visualize you are a total 1st year?

Here is my webpage; hand blenders bed bath and beyond

Anonymous said...

Additional okay methods offer Waring-Commercial in addition , Home kitchen serve.
You might also make use of these aids to become utility absolutely help shift several
lbs. Type of gear provides five various rates of speed running in relation to Seven hundred w.
Take some time to see our own steps for the reason that e-book presents you information how you can easlily really assemble your juice extractor.
Had to have 70 rupees, you can get wonderful Onyx White,
KitchenAid mixer that should a single thing and so point.

Here is my page; blender reviews

Anonymous said...

Paradisus Major resorts claims to be an all-inclusive luxurious hotel fresh which is then owned and operated through the process of Melia Resorts New. Perhaps you should try things showed herein. Because a medium-duty washing machine, its Manufacturer 810 is made for household goods, shop facilities, and simply doughnut businesses.

Akkam India said...

Registered Immigration Consultancy, Canada Immigration Consultants In Hyderabad, Authorized Immigration Consultants,Immigration Consultants In Hyderabad, Canada Immigration, Australia Immigration, Permanent Resident Visa, Student Visa Consultants offered by Akkam. For more information visit